Preface
GrecoRoman
middleages
modernworld
prior1820
1821
1851
1871
1901
1931
1951
1971
1991
references

KEY DOCUMENTS

Composition: A Series of Exercises in Art Structure for the Use of Students and Teachers
Arthur Wesley Dow publishes his ideas concerning composition in an 1899 book titled, Composition: A Series of Exercises in Art Structure for the Use of Students and Teachers. Dow combines the influence of the Arts and Crafts Movement and his study of world art into a method of art education that honors both art making and art appreciation. It is the beginning of the elements and principles of art still dominant today in art education. His elements include line, color, and ‘Notan,’ derived from Japanese and meaning ‘dark and light masses.’ The principles include opposition, transition, variation, repetition, and symmetry. These five principles constitute a final fundamental principle: “proportion of good spacing.” His purpose is to develop aesthetic perception and judgment in order to encourage an appreciation of all forms of visual art. (Wygant, 27)

School Arts Magazine
Henry Turner Bailey is the editor of School Arts Magazine from 1903 to 1917. Holiday projects and handicrafts make up a large portion of the activities published during Bailey’s time as editor. His editorials are usually dedicated “to picture study, schoolroom decoration, and the appreciation of beauty in nature” (Efland, p. 174).

Prang Textbooks
Founded by Louis Prang, the Prang Educational Company promotes art education through a series of textbooks created for elementary grades. Text Books of Art Education and Art Text Books: A Graded Course in Art in its Relation to Industry, by Bonnie Snow and Hugo Froelich, are among the many texts published by Prang at the turn of the century.

An Introduction to Art Education
Influenced by the Progressive Movement, William Whitford publishes An Introduction to Art Education in 1929. Art and the importance of expression are emphasized; however, the text also focuses on art's contributions to industry, community, and home.

Better Citizenship through Art Training
In 1921, Minna Beck writes Better Citizenship through Art Training. Dedicating her book to Arthur Wesley Dow, Beck examines the importance of community in art instruction.